Acute diseases of the cardiovascular system are serious emergency situations which must be detected quickly and treated immediately. Medical expertise, efficient alarm structures, simple registration processes and the permanent availability of the entire range of current emergency interventions (from outpatient treatment, and a 24-hour acute intervention service for heart attacks through to cardiac surgical treatment) ensure optimum, state of the art patient care.
When a blood vessel (coronary artery) on the surface heart becomes blocked, this is called a stenosis. This stenosis can be quantified in a percentage of blockage. A blockage above 50% is considered significant which leads to underperfusion of the heart muscle and to an infarct.